Wednesday, July 1st, 08h00-09h30, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo Gemelli,1, Milano
Wednesday, July 1st, 09h30-10h15, Teatro Dal Verme
Wednesday, July 1st, 10h15-12h30, Teatro Dal Verme
Chair: Giliberto Capano, Scola Normale superior, Florence
Public policy is now an autonomous discipline, with its own vocabulary, dimensions and analytical categories. But it cannot avoid to interact with other academic disciplines and very often Public Policy borrows concepts or framework from the “mother-disciplines” or the “older sisters” or develops a multi-disciplinary approach. Since the foundation, public policy has grown up by focusing around the following dimensions: the policy orientation (politics is not just about elections, political parties, and public institutions’ behaviour) the attention to policy dynamics (the process can make the difference); the craft of problem solving.
In working on these dimensions, and thus in doing their job, policy scholars necessarily are challenged by and interact with the knowledge produced by other disciplines on the same object, although seen by different theoretical perspectives.
This roundtable, then, will focus exactly on how public policy could/should interact with other disciplines and on which basis. Three main issues will be raised:
1. the contribute that different academic disciplines can give to the policy orientation regarding the way to design, implement and evaluate policies as well the way to understand and explain problem framing, policy stability and change
2. Inter-disciplinarity (that is integration between disciplines) vs. Multidisciplinarity (that is addition between disciplines).
3. The relationships of the policy orientation with Power, Legitimacy, Territory, Social structure, Human development, Economic determinants of policy-making, Governance.
Chair : Guy Peters, University of Pittsburgh, Discussant: Luigi Bobbio.
Thursday, July 2nd, 10h45 - 13h, Teatro Dal Verme
Research Professor and Professor Emerita in Political Science and Planning, Policy, and Design, and former Drew, Chace and Erin Warmington Chair in the Social Ecology
Ph.D. Columbia University
Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Culture, Politica e Società (Department of Culture, Politics and Society).
"The elephant in the corner is the wounded and sagging figure of democracy, but public policy scholars appear not to see it. The voices of the privileged, well-regarded citizens are loud and influential, while ordinary citizens barely speak with a whisper that is lost on the ears of inattentive policy-makers. The public policies that emerge from and reinforce such uneven participation and representation perpetuate inequality. Yet, few public policy studies even mention democracy and certainly do not use it as criteria for evaluation. How has it happened that the study of public policy has flourished, and yet the critical issue of policy implications for democracy is unnoticed ?
With hindsight that extends back almost 50 years, I want to address the array of factors that explain why public policy scholars have neglected democracy as a topic. In 1948 Harold Lasswell founded the field calling it Policy Sciences of Democracy with the intention of providing information that would clarify the processes of policy making and supply data needed on policy questions. Yet, by 1992 Theodore Lowi warned that the aims of public policy analysis were reduced to the microscopic and neutral, and that large changes that threaten democracy were not being recognized. Looking at policy and democracy in 2015, real progress has been made on many of the flaws Lowi observed, but policy implications for democracy continue to be slighted. I see a clear danger to democracy is the increasing role of labeling, stereotypes and stigma in fashioning public policy. Policies driven by emotionally based branding of particular groups as deserving and undeserving alienate and discourage public engagement of some while informing others that their interests are automatically consonant with the public interest. My conclusion considers how policy studies need to change and how studies of public policy for democracy would profit from taking the perspective of policy recipients."
Friday, July 3rd, 14.15 - 16.30 , Gemelli Aula Magna
Chair : Frank Fischer, Rutgers Univeristy,
This plenary panel examines the origins and evolution of the field of policy studies, both from the perspective of policy analysis and the policymaking process. The assessment of policy analysis focuses on the long-standing but often evasive effort to supply policy decision-makers with usable knowledge. Toward this end, the discussion will examine the relationship of quantitative and qualitative approaches, including the role of interpretation. With respect to policymaking, the panelists will explore the efforts to develop an explanatory theory of the policy process, including the funnel of causality, the stages model, the punctuated equilibrium approach, the multiples streams framework, institutional rational choice approach and the theory of advocacy coalition framework, in an effort to sort out both what has been accomplished and the nature of challenges that remain. Especially important, in this regard, is the degree to which these theories succeed in explaining policy change.
Friday, July 3rd, 14.15 - 16.30 , Gemelli 024
Chair : Michael Howlett, Simon Fraser Univeristy, NUS
This panel will explore the state of Schools of Public Policy worldwide and developments in the paedagogy of public policy in the university. It will look at how Schools of Public Policy have developed a spread worldwide, their similarities and differences, and the problems they face in promoting high quality research and teaching. The panel will examine both conceptual and structural issues related to these organizations including paedagog questions such as the role and weight of policy theory and practice given in policy courses and programmes, the use of regular versus case study methods in the classroom, concerns with existing coverage, scope and structure of public policy programmes and instructions and also the current and future role of instructional technologies. Participants will share their experiences and thoughts on these subjects in a roundtable format leaving most of the time for an interactive discussion with audience members.
Friday, July 3rd, 14.15 - 16.30 , Gemelli 022
Chair : Alessandro Colombo, Éupolis Lombardia,
This session explores the boundaries and connections between public policy as an object of scientific research and public policy as an activity. Academics study policies to support policymakers, while practitioners need scientific support to know evidence about how things are done or should be done. And yet, while evidence-based-policy should have come to an age, the two realms do not often collaborate and, rather, risk being insulated from each other. This is actually an old issue: "there is nothing a government hates more than being well informed" (J.M. Keynes, 1937). Prominent experts from both academic and policymaking fields are going to explore mutual understandings – and misunderstandings – between research and practice, on both epistemological and pragmatic dimensions.
Saturday, July 4th, 10.45 - 13.00 , Gemelli Aula Magna
Chair : Eve Fouilleux, CEPEL-University of Montpellier, CNRS and CIRAD
With the support of Institut Français Italia
Feeding the world is a multi-dimensional policy challenge. Despite the fact that the amount of food available at the global scale exceeded the daily intake requirement for a working man in 1981, and has constantly increased since then, 805 million people were still suffering chronic hunger and malnutrition in 2013, most of them in developing countries (FAO, 2014). At the same time, 1300 million people suffer from obesity, both in developing and developed countries (WHO, 2012). Additionally, the dominant way in which food is produced has been confronted with both social and environmental crises worldwide which call for renewed production models.
In such a complex context, key political and public policy concerns are raised at different levels of governance. How to address these food and farm issues? Which public (and private) regulations and policies are to be implemented? At which level of governance? These issues are discussed on various forums and arenas by a number of stakeholders from government agencies, scientific communities, civil society organizations and various industries, each with their own visions and strategic interests. They problematize the concerns differently and promote different policy instruments to address them. Their ability to influence the policy-process depends on their access to resources and on their ability to build favorable balance of power at the various levels of governance.
These questions will be raised by keynote speakers specialized in public-policy analysis and policy practice in the field of food and agriculture. They will provide us with worldwide perspectives: the Brazilian experience of the ‘Fome Zero’ program; the Australian and Indian experiences; the African case with a focus on the issue of large-scale investments; and global food security governance issues.
Saturday, July 4th,13.00, Gemelli Aula Magna