This major new series brings together for the first time a detailed examination of the theory and practice of policy analysis systems at different levels of government and by non-governmental actors in a specific country. It therefore provides a key addition to research and teaching in comparative policy analysis and policy studies more generally.
Each volume includes a history of the country’s policy analysis which offers a broad comparative overview with other countries as well as the country in question. In doing so, the books in the series provide the data and empirical case studies essential for instruction and for further research in the area. They also include expert analysis of different approaches to policy analysis and an assessment of their evolution and operation.
Sponsored by the International Comparative Policy Analysis (ICPA) Forum and Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis.
The International Handbook of Public Administration and Governance
Andrew Massey and Karen Johnston (Eds.)
Edward Elgar, 2015
The International Handbook of Public Administration and Governance is a ground-breaking volume with eminent scholars addressing the key questions in relation to how international governments can solve public administration and governance challenges in an increasingly globalized world. With international coverage across Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, North and South America, the authors adopt contemporary perspectives of governance, including public policy capacity, wicked policy problems, public sector reforms, the challenges of globalisation and managing complexity. Practitioners and scholars of public administration, public policy and public sector management will be better informed with regard to the issues and structures of government and governance in an increasingly complex world.
Advanced Introduction to Public Policy
B. Guy Peters
Edward Elgar, 2015
Making effective public policies is a difficult task, but considering policymaking as a problem of design analogous to architecture or engineering can assist in that process. This book outlines three vital components of policy design: understanding the causes behind the problem being addressed; identifying means of intervention, including selection and implementation of policy instruments; and evaluation and development of good policy understanding.
The Tools of Policy Formulation
Andrew J. Jordan and John R. Turnpenny (Eds)
Edward Elgar, 2015
Policy analysts are accustomed to thinking in terms of tools and instruments. Yet an authoritative examination of the tools which have been developed to formulate new policies is missing. This book is the first of its kind to distinguish the defining characteristics of the main policy formulation tools, and offer a fresh way of understanding how, why and by whom they are selected, as well as the effects they produce in practice.
The editors bring together thirteen specially commissioned chapters that, for the first time, explore the tools and their features in a comparable fashion, including: scenarios, indicators, computerized models, cost–benefit and multi-criteria analysis. They develop a novel analytical framework for understanding the form and function of the main tools, which encompasses definitions of key terms, a typology and relevant theoretical explanations.
Politics of Representative Bureaucracy
B. Guy Peters
What is the relationship between the composition of the public sector workforce and the nature of the society it serves? Taking a comparative and analytical perspective, the authoritative and accessible chapters illustrate the salience of representative politics in diverse societies. The book explores the wide variety of practice based on different political systems, administrative structures, and cultural settings, and discusses topical issues of public bureaucracies worldwide.
Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy
Edited by Robert Geyer and Paul Cairney
Edward Elgar 2015
Though its roots in the natural sciences go back to the early 20th century, complexity theory as a scientific framework has developed most rapidly since the 1970s. Increasingly, complexity theory has been integrated into the social sciences, and this groundbreaking Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy has brought together top thinkers in complexity and policy from around the world.
With contributions from Europe, North America, Brazil and China this comprehensive Handbook splits the topic into three cohesive parts: Theory and Tools, Methods and Modeling, and Application.
International Handbook on Ageing and Public Policy
Edited by Sarah Harper and Kate Hamblin, with Jaco Hoffman, Kenneth Howse and George Leeson
Edward Elgar 2014
The International Handbook on Ageing and Public Policy explores the challenges arising from the ageing of populations across the globe for government, policy makers, the private sector and civil society. It examines various national state approaches to welfare provisions for older people, and highlights alternatives based around the voluntary and third-party sector, families and private initiatives. The Handbook is highly relevant for academics interested in this critical issue, and offers important messages for policy makers and practitioners.
Agenda Dynamics in Spain
Laura Chaqués Bonafont, Anna Palau and Frank R. Baumgartner
Palgrave Macmillan. 2015
Spanish politics has evolved from a consensual democracy with a focus on consolidating democratic rule to one where political parties increasingly polarize around ideologically rigid positions of Left and Right. No government seems able to resolve fundamental social conflicts relating to economic growth, relations with the regions, the EU, and the Church. Members of Parliament are regularly sidelined compared to the Prime Minister, even as the regional governments and the European Union increasingly make important policy decisions in a growing number policy domains. Tracing political history from the transition to democracy to the present, this engaging and highly empirical book provides a new look at Spanish politics, based on a policy agendas approach. Students, academics, and those interested in policy change and institutional design over the long term, will all find the book of interest.
Varieties of Governance: Dynamics, Strategies, Capacities
Edited by Giliberto Capano, Michael Howlett, M. Ramesh
Palgrave Macmillan, June 2015
The study of governance may be currently in fashion, but it is also a firmly-established lens through which the complexities of contemporary policy making can be analysed while examining the ways in which a society and its political processes are organized and steered. Governance thus needs to be seen as a general concept within political analysis which offers a necessary heuristic tool for understanding the complexities of political processes, the policies these produce and the outcomes they generate. However, despite a great deal having been written on the subject in recent years, questions remain about many fundamental aspects of governance. This is especially the case when trying to define the modes of governance and their dynamics. Many varieties of governance exist, both cross-nationally and cross-sectorally: Understanding why and how it is important for the future of governance studies is the subject of the cross-national and theoretically-informed case studies presented in this volume.
From the first, specialization and coordination have presented governments with a conundrum: specialized program might be best for delivering one service to the public, but combining such programs for all public services inevitably produces costly redundancies and inefficiencies. In this long-awaited book, Guy Peters brings his expertise and extensive experience to bear on the problem of administrative and policy coordination. Through theory and four real-world case studies, he explores how—and whether—coordination can transform ordinary, flawed patterns of governing into more effective and efficient performance by the public sector.
This timely work arrives at a moment when coordination is proving especially challenging—as popular approaches to public administration emphasize breaking larger public organizations into smaller, single purpose programs, and as a push to involve the private sector in policy development and implementation has increased government segmentation. For insights into the workings—and limitations—of coordination, or horizontal management, Peters draws on extensive scholarship as well as his own consulting work with governments including Finland, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, and Mexico. He highlights practical successes, and failures, of horizontal management in case studies of Homeland Security in the US; child protection in the UK; policymaking in Finland; and the operations of the European Union. In the process, Peters evaluates a full tool chest of “instruments” that might be used to enhance coordination.
Combining theory and practice, and considering a wide range of public policy challenges, this book clearly and cogently presents the most comprehensive, in-depth, and detailed discussion available of policy coordination in the public sector—at a time when its insights are most urgently needed.
Our public water future: The global experience with remunicipalisation.
Kishimoto, S., Lobina, E., Petitjean, O. (2015)
Amsterdam, London, Paris, Cape Town and Brussels: Transnational Institute (TNI), Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU), Multinationals Observatory, Municipal Services Project (MSP) and the European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU)
This book provides the most comprehensive catalogue of water remunicipalisation cases produced so far. It looks at: the experiences with water remunicipalisation in key countries (France, the US, and Germany), and important cities (Paris and Jakarta); the challenge posed to public water services by investor protection clauses; the position of the trade union movement vis-à-vis remunicipalisation; and performance evaluation as a way of measuring the success of remunicipalisation.
Food Security Governance: empowering communities, regulating corporations
by Nora McKeon
Routledge, January 2015
Today’s global food system generates hunger alongside of land grabs, food waste, health problems, massive greenhouse gas emissions. Nora McKeon’s just-released book explains why we find ourselves in this situation and explores what we can do to change it. It opens with a brief review of how the international community (mis)managed food issues from WWII up to the time of the food price crisis of 2007-2008. It moves on to contrast the ways in which actors link up in corporate global food chains as compared to the local food webs that we think of as “alternative” but in fact feed most of the world’s population. It unpacks relevant paradigms - from productivism to food security and food sovereignty - and points out the perils of “scientific evidence-based” decision-making when it intrudes on the terrain that properly belongs to political process and value-based debate. The author highlights the significance of adopting a rights-based approach to solving food problems whereby adequate food is not simply a desirable outcome but an inalienable right that governments are obliged to ensure for their citizens. She describes how people around the world are organizing to protect their access to resources and build better ways of food provision and governance from the bottom up, in what is increasingly referred to as a food sovereignty movement. She discusses how the Committee on World Food Security - a uniquely inclusive global policy forum since its reform in 2009 - could be supportive of these efforts. The book concludes with a call to blow the whistle on speculative capitalism by building effective public policy instruments for accountable governance and extending their authority to the realm of regulating markets and corporations.
Avant-Garde Politician: Leaders for a New Epoch
Westphalia Press (April 17, 2014)
This book presents an original iconoclastic view of humanity moving through metamorphosis, driven mainly by science and technology. Radical human enhancement, synthesis of viruses and perhaps forms of life, new interfaces between humanity and its environments, and replacement of much of human employment by quasi-intelligent robots and molecular engineering illustrate the emerging radical break in the history of Homo sapiens. Just as important are likely value changes, between expanding mass-killing fanaticism and human “maturation,” and perhaps another Axial Age transforming human self-understanding.
All these pose unprecedented opportunities for thriving and dangers of calamities, up to demise of humanity. Coping requires thinking in term of humanity as a whole, a radically novel global regime up to a Circumscribed Global Leviathan, and new modes of human existence. Also essential is a new type of avant-garde political leaders qualified to compose and implement radical "humanity-craft" grand-policies advancing raison d’humanite.
The book explains the metamorphosis, details raison d’humanité-serving imperatives, proposed a Global Humanity Constitutions with a powerful Global Authority, specified required qualities of avant-garde politicians and ways to acquire them, and proposes approaches to composing humanity-crafts.
The book is available as a paperback, a Kindle edition (containing real page numbers), and a Kindle Matchbook.
School Evaluation Policies and Educating States: Trends in Four European Countries
Hélène Buisson-Fenet and Xavier Pons
Peter Lang: Collection - Public Action, 2014
Are we witnessing the decline of state involvement in education or is it being reshaped, and if so how? Surprisingly, this question has received little attention from researchers in education studies, sociology and political science.
This book aims to fill this gap by exploring school evaluation policies in four European countries: England, France, Scotland and Switzerland. It shows that the same policy tool – promoted in many European and international arenas concerned with good practice in educational governance – can actually give rise in each system to a variety of policy configurations in which forms of state control can differ. Written from a policy sociology perspective, the book aims to go beyond the decline/permanence dichotomy and proposes a specific conceptual framework within which to consider both contextualised forms of state intervention and their potential similarities and combinations. By doing this, the authors not only aim to counterbalance or supplement dominant views on the Europeanisation and transnationalisation of education policies but also to imagine new possibilities for state policy analysis.
Comparative Policy Studies : Conceptual and Methodological Challenges
Edited by Isabelle Engeli and Christine Rothmayr Allison
Palgrave Macmillan, May 2014
The role of comparative analysis in policy studies has gained increasing importance in recent years. Comparative policy studies aims at comparing and contrasting public policy making across sectoral, regional and national boundaries in order to overcome challenges in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of public policy. This book is the first in its field to provide scholars and policy-makers with both compelling comparative research design and methodology in one place. In contrast to general manuals on comparative methodology, this book specifically addresses key research design and methodological challenges that comparative policy studies typically faces and draws on rich empirical illustrations. Written by an outstanding cast of contributors, this volume is essential reading for scholars and students of comparative public policy.
Far from being defenceless when faced with inextricable problems such as inequality, unemployment, poverty, precarious situations or global warming, governments continuously increase the policy proposals for new action, reforms or transformation. Nevertheless, their inability to solve problems, which is occasionally penalised by democratic voting or by changeovers, never challenges the political system itself. To understand this astonishing political stability within a disordered world, Philippe Zittoun looks at the ’policymaking process’ as a political activity which defines, propagates and imposes public policy proposals as a means to ’restore order’ within society. Based on a significant study as well as on surveys carried out at the heart of the policymaking process, this innovative approach to public policy leads us to identify policymakers as true modern Sisyphuses
Economic growth continues to transform the economic and political landscape of Asia. Equally the policies now being adopted to promote private sector participation, re-structure state entities, and reduce the presence of the state in the provision of public goods and services, are tied to fundamental transformations in Asia’s state-society relations. The global cast of contributors present a timely analysis of the impact of neo-liberalism on Asia’s developmental policies and the organisation of Asian states and markets. Ironically, the "developmental state" that has historically driven Asia’s rapid economic transformation is now threatened by an increasingly dominant neoliberal agenda that aims to roll back the state in the name of market fundamentalism.
What has America done to protect its citizens from life-changing but common risks such as death of a family breadwinner, ill health, disability, involuntary unemployment, outliving retirement savings, and birth into a poor family? Each, in its own way, burdens—and possibly devastates—unlucky individuals and families both emotionally and financially. It is the rare life that is untouched by one or more of these six threats. How do our current policies affect taxation, spending, and the economy, as well as prospects for individual lives? What more might these policies do to protect Americans?
Rich in stories, data, and analysis, Social Insurance provides a strong intellectual foundation for understanding the history, economics, politics, and philosophy of America’s most important social insurance programs. This insightful work provides a unifying vision of these programs’ purposes and reminds us, amidst the confusing and often apocalyptic rhetoric, why we have the programs and policies we do, while arguing for reforms that preserve and enhance the protections in place.
Building on the success of the previous two editions, this book provides students with an exemplary overview of the theory and practice of public policy implementation and how it relates to contemporary public management. In doing so, this new edition makes use of more illustrative examples, delves further into researching implementation and explores issues about the relationship between policy formulation and implementation in greater depth.
Written for an international audience, this is essential reading for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students studying or conducting research in public policy, social policy, public management, public administration and governance.
Addiction is a wicked policy issue (inherently resistant to a clear and agreed solution) that affects different policy areas and society at large. Every year around 800,000 people in Europe die because of addictive substance problems. Despite these figures, national governments in the EU still embrace different strategies and approach the problem from different perspectives. Leaving aside whether it would be better to embrace a single EU policy in order to effectively tackle this problem, the book presents the different approaches of 28 European countries (the 27 EU member states since September 2013 plus Norway). In order to present the state-of-the-art of governance of addictions in these countries, the analysis gives special attention to how four substances have been tackled: alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and heroin.
Social policy scholars and practitioners have long worked with concepts such as “welfare state” and “social security”—but where do these concepts come from and how has their meaning changed over time? What characterizes social policy language in different places, and how do some social concepts travel between them? Addressing such questions in a systematic manner, the contributors to this collection analyze the concepts and language used to make sense of contemporary social policy. Combining detailed chapters on particular countries with broader comparative chapters, the book offers a variety of perspectives on just what we mean when we use these terms.
Governance refers to all processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market, or network, whether over a family, tribe, corporation, or territory, and whether by laws, norms, power, or language. Governance is a broader term than government because it focuses not only on the state and its institutions but also on the creation of rule and order in social practices.
Bevir advances a decentered theory of governance. He emphasizes that governance consists of practices arising out of concrete human activity. His decentered theory thereby highlights the diversity of governing practices and the importance of historical explanations of these practices. Governance is seen as a set of diverse practices that people are constantly creating and recreating through their concrete activity. Governance is explained by the narratives that the relevant actors first inherit as historical traditions and then revise in response to dilemmas. The book applies this decentered theory to both general questions of social organization and to the changing nature of public organization and action.
Far from being rendered defenceless when faced with inextricable problems such as inequality, unemployment, poverty, precarious situations or global warming, governments continuously increase the policy proposals for new action, reforms or transformation. Nevertheless, their inability to solve problems which is occasionally penalised by democratic voting or by changeovers does not challenge the political system itself.
To understand this astonishing political stability within a disordered world, Philippe Zittoun looks at the “policymaking process” less as an expert activity involving problem solving, than as a political activity which defines, propagates and imposes a public policy proposal so as to “restore order” within society.
Based on a significant study as well as on surveys carried out at the heart of this policymaking process, this innovative approach to public policy makes it possible to better understand policymakers’ activities as true modern Sisyphuses.
This Handbook provides a comprehensive global survey of the policy process. Written by an outstanding line up of distinguished scholars and practitioners, the Handbook covers all aspects of the policy process including:
Theory – from rational choice to the new institutionalism
Frameworks – network theory, advocacy coalition and development models
Key stages in the process – Formulation, implementation and evaluation
Agenda setting and decision making
The roles of key actors and institutions
This is an invaluable resource for all scholars, graduate students and practitioners in public policy and policy analysis.
Rejecting the notion that policy analysis and planning are value-free technical endeavors, an argumentative approach takes into account the ways that policy is affected by other factors, including culture, discourse, and emotion. The contributors to this new collection consider how far argumentative policy analysis has come during the past two decades and how its theories continue to be refined through engagement with current thinking in social theory and with the real-life challenges facing contemporary policy makers.
The approach speaks in particular to the limits of rationalistic, technoscientific policy making in the complex, unpredictable world of the early twenty-first century. These limits have been starkly illustrated by responses to events such as the environmental crisis, the near collapse of the world economy, and the disaster at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, Japan. Addressing topics including deliberative democracy, collaborative planning, new media, rhetoric, policy frames, and transformative learning, the essays shed new light on the ways that policy is communicatively created, conveyed, understood, and implemented. Taken together, they show argumentative policy inquiry to be an urgently needed approach to policy analysis and planning.
Public sector reform, public management and public governance have become crucial issues since the financial crisis in 2008, but they have been on national as well as global policy agendas for at least fifty years. The OECD has been key to the development of these agendas, but its role and impact have never been explored closely. In this book, Leslie Pal examines the role of the OECD and of global policy networks around public sector reform. Based on extensive interviews and internal documents, the book shows how public management emerged as a policy field within the OECD, explores the tools that the organization uses to achieve its ends, and provides an analysis of what ’good governance’ means to the OECD, and hence a large part of the world. It provides one of the closest analyses of how an international governmental organization actually works, and how it contributes toa web of global governance.